Diabetes is today, one of the most wide spread diseases that affects people all over the world. Diabetes is caused if your body is unable to produce the desired quantity of insulin required to convert glucose (sugar), starch and other food materials into energy. Diabetes is also caused if your body is unable to use the insulin produced by your body properly.
When the filtering system breaks down due to diabetes it may cause substantial damage to the kidneys. It is very important that we understand the signs of kidney damage caused due to diabetes.
There are two major types of diabetes; viz Type I and Type II diabetes. Type I diabetes generally occurs in children and is commonly called juvenile onset diabetes. The pancreas do not produce necessary amount of insulin for the body, and this has to be supplemented by taking insulin injections. The Type II diabetes, which generally occurs in people above the age of 40, is commonly called late onset or adult onset diabetes. Type II diabetes is mostly caused due to excessive weight, poor diet, high blood pressure and sedentary lifestyle. Early signs of Type II diabetes are hard to come by and by the time symptoms do appear the damage might have already been done.
Amongst other ailments, diabetics are highly prone to kidney problems, a condition called as diabetic nephropathy. Almost half the people suffering from kidney problems are diabetics. Kidneys play an important part in the well being of the human body. There are tiny filters in the kidneys, called glomeruli, which keep proteins inside your body. They remove waste from your blood and return clean blood to your kidney. Diabetes causes damage to these filters. Due to the damage kidneys are unable to cleanse blood properly as well as retain proteins inside the human body. As a result proteins flow out along with urine. This is the very first sign of kidney damage due to diabetes.
The initial sign of kidney damage is water retention. As the kidneys work hard to compensate for the failing capillaries not many warning signs of kidney damage are known until almost all functioning fails. Among other signs of kidney damage due to diabetes you may notice swelling of hands, feet and face, weight gain, loss of sleep, poor appetite, upset stomach, feeling of weakness and very rarely even blood in urine. However, in the end stages of kidney disease you may find extreme dryness and itching of skin, feeling of drowsiness, muscle twitching and abnormalities in heart’s regular rhythm due to increased potassium levels in blood.
It is very difficult to detect kidney diseases in the early stages. Medical professionals can gauge its presence by measuring protein in the urine. In the later stages measuring the waste products in the blood gives an indication of how far kidney disease has progressed. Sign of kidney damage due to diabetes usually occur in late stages of the disease when kidney function deteriorates to 10 to 25 percent of normal capacity
Not everyone with diabetes would develop kidney diseases. It is often influenced by genetics, blood sugar control and blood pressure. If a diabetic is able to keep diabetes and blood pressure under control the chances of kidney disease are lowered. It is necessary to be aware of these symptoms of kidney damage caused due to diabetes so that you may take necessary measures to be safer.
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