Diabetes care and treatment of foot ulcers is extremely important in managing this disease. Every diabetic should be educated on the reasons why and how to take care of their feet.
Diabetics have a lot of problems with their feet. This is caused by nerve damage in the feet and the narrowing of blood vessels in the legs. These two problems together can cause a tiny cut or foot ulcer to become extremely infected and lead to gangrene of the foot. Gangrene can lead to amputation of the foot or leg. But the good news is that all these problems can be prevented.
First and most important, if you have toes or feet that are blue or pale – this is a symptom of poor circulation. And if your feet or toes feel numb or tingle, this is a symptom of nerve damage. If you have any of these symptoms you should talk with your primary care physician immediately.
If you have nerve damage in your foot, you might not be able to tell when you have a small cut or skin damage and an infection could start before you even realize it. And with poor circulation, when you do get a cut or any damage, there is not enough blood flowing to the foot to fight the infection.
So, one of the most important types of education for the diabetic is on proper foot care. This includes regularly washing and inspecting your feet. Wash your feet with warm water and soap daily – and be careful that the water is not hot because with nerve damage you might not be able to tell. Dry your feet completely especially making sure that there is no moisture left between your toes – moisture is a breeding area for infections. Carefully inspect your feet for small cuts, breaks in the skin, blisters, corns or calluses. Corns or calluses should be treated by your physician or nursing staff. Small cuts and foot ulcers should be treated with antibiotic ointments and if they are very large, examined by your medical team.
A diabetic should also have proper footwear including good fitting shoes and comfortable socks. This will prevent blisters, corns and calluses from developing. You should also have a good pair of walking shoes as walking is important for leg circulation as well as general overall health. And (this is extremely important) – Never Walk Barefoot. This prevents small cuts, scrapes and other foot injuries.
If you smoke, stop, as smoking prevents proper blood circulation. If you don’t smoke, don’t start. Smoking is not only bad for diabetics but is a bad lifestyle habit for everyone.
If you notice that your foot feels hot, is red or if you are running a fever, it is extremely important for a diabetic to get to your doctor as soon as possible. Infections in the foot can get worse quickly and gangrene can develop quickly also. So, for diabetics, these foot care tips are especially important.
Diabetes care and treatment of foot ulcers is extremely important. In fact, any foot problems should be treated immediately.
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