The patient by far has the most control over this chronic disease and the successful or failure of treatment depends on the self-care responsibility that the patient takes ownership of.
Diabetes is a disease where the body is not able to metabolize glucose in the blood. Type-1 diabetes is caused by the damage of Beta islet cells located in the pancreas. When working properly these cells usually secretes insulin but for people with Type-1 diabetes these cells are not working. Type-1 diabetics will need to be on insulin therapy for the rest of their lives. Type-2 diabetes is cause by the destruction of insulin receptors on cell surfaces which causes the cells to be resistant to insulin. Type-2 diabetes can be managed with lifestyle changes and medication and in some cases with lifestyle changes alone.
No matter which type of diabetes that a patient has, the effectiveness of treatment depends on the patient managing their disease. Diabetes health care plans involve many parts with the most important being management, monitoring and control.
First and foremost is monitoring the disease and the daily monitoring is the patient’s responsibility. There are many monitoring devices on the market and many companies that produce monitoring devices. These companies include a division of Bayer, Johnson and Johnson and many other smaller companies. Glucose daily monitoring is the diabetic’s first line of defense. It is only through regular glucose monitoring that a diabetic knows whether medication and other treatment is working.
Another area of self-managing that lies with the patient is diet and managing diet does play a major role in controlling symptoms of diabetes. Diets for these people need to be full of fibers, low in proteins and have very small amounts of fats or carbohydrates. Foods should also be rich in vitamins, minerals, as well as antioxidants and other factors that boost the immune system. These foods include apples, leafy greens, nuts, dairy products, and whole meal breads. Also fresh fruits are good sources of carbohydrates as the sugar in them do not need insulin to metabolize.
The next factor of self-control is weight. Being overweight contributes to many complications related to diabetes. The best way to control weight is to exercise at least 3 times a week and exercise is considered a natural cure for many problems or diseases of the body. The present epidemic of obesity is related by many researchers to the rise in young adults and children of Type-2 diabetes. These researchers theorize that this epidemic is caused by our culture’s sedentary lifestyle of TV, and video games together with a diet full of fast foods.
Smoking has an effect on every bodily function as well as symptoms of diabetes. Becoming a non-smoker is extremely important. Smoking adds to symptoms of diabetes by blood vessels constricting which interferes with normal blood circulation. Stopping smoking is change that is good for everyone but especially diabetics.
The management of stress is another area where the locus of control lies with the diabetic. Stress only worsens any disease and this is true with diabetes. It is up to the patient to gain control over the stress in their life whether it is emotional, mental or physical stress.
Powerful ways to control diabetes are really very simple and they can best be accomplished by managing a few critical factors. These factors include weight control, diet, smoking and stress – all simple but so very critical in controlling this chronic and deadly disease.
Locus of control with diabetes lies with the diabetic. The patient by far has the most control over this chronic disease and the successful or failure of treatment depends on the self-care responsibility that the patient takes ownership of.
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