Diabetes is a disease related to insulin. In this disease the body does not produce insulin or can not use the insulin produced properly. Insulin plays important role in our daily life. To do any work body needs energy. Insulin is needed to convert sugar, starches and food into energy which is everyone’s basic need. In diabetes insulin doesn’t work properly causing blood glucose level to rise too high or fall too low. Diabetes as a disease also increases risk of kidney failure, heart disease, blindness and amputations.
You can find diabetes patients all over the world. In the United States alone about 8% of the population has diabetes. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) is doing cutting edge research on diabetes. The mission of this Association is to improve the lives of diabetic patients. It provides information about diabetes and offers people with diabetes other important services. This Association also supports people with diabetes to fight for their rights. November is American Diabetes Month. The ADA conducts various activities and programs so that everyone gets information about diabetes and the general population is made aware of the serious complications that can result if diabetes is not taken seriously.
The aim of ADA is to make you understand what diabetes is and how you can control it. Once you are aware of all the important aspects of diabetes you will no longer fear diabetes but instead combat it effectively. To diagnose pre-diabetes or diabetes, Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) test or an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) is performed. The FPG test is easier, faster and less expensive than OGTT. According to FPG test a person with fasting blood glucose level between 100 and 125 mg/dl has pre-diabetes and anything higher than 126 mg/dl is considered as diabetic. In OGTT, person’s blood glucose level is recorded after a fast and two hours after having a glucose-rich food. If the glucose level is between 140 and 199 mg/dl then the person has pre-diabetes and if the glucose level is 200 mg/dl or higher it means that person is diabetic.
There are different types of diabetes such as Type 1, Type 2, Gestational diabetes and pre-diabetes. In Type 1 diabetes the body doesn’t produce insulin. In such cases doctors advise insulin injections and healthy diets to the patient. Physical activity is also recommended as it is one of the best ways to control weight and blood glucose level.
In Type 2 diabetes the body fails to use the insulin produced properly. Obesity and an inactive lifestyle increase the chances of type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes treatment includes use of diabetes medicines, controlled diet, and an exercise regime.
Gestational diabetes is diagnosed during pregnancy. In this condition blood glucose levels become high during pregnancy. This happens as some of the hormones produced during pregnancy resist insulin.
The pre-diabetes stage means blood glucose level is higher than normal but not high enough to be categorized as diabetes. People with pre-diabetes have a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. But with physical activity an individual can return to normal glucose levels and prevent the onset of diabetes.
Due to the untiring efforts of health care professionals and the American diabetes association people in America know a lot more about this disease and also how to control it and live a safe and healthy life in spite of having it.
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