Gestational diabetes is a condition that affects only women during the period of their pregnancy. It usually appears during the 2nd trimester of pregnancy and disappears with the birth of the baby. However, the chances of a woman getting diabetes later in life are much higher if she has suffered gestational diabetes during her days of pregnancy. The best way to counter this condition is through a gestational diabetes diet plan. By intelligent food regulation it is possible to control blood glucose to remain within safe limits.
Gestational diabetes diet plan is designed to provide the right balance of carbohydrate, proteins, fats, nutrients, minerals and vitamins to a pregnant woman. The plan envisages eating fixed amounts of food belonging to various food groups in proportions that ensure that the blood sugar level of the patient does not rise to a high level and at the same time provide at least 2000 to 2200 calories every day for good health, strength and vitality, which is necessary for the expectant mother as well as the unborn baby.
Preparing a gestational diabetes diet plan is a specialized job and can be properly done only by a registered dietitian or caregiver of the patient. The patient or any other inexperienced individual should refrain from creating a gestational diabetes diet plan. The plan is laid down in a chart for the convenience of the patient so that she can follow it easily. The plan may require modifications to the diet that the patient is currently taking and it remains in the interest of the patient to adhere to the plan prepared by an experienced and qualified professional like a registered dietician, who will craft it specifically for her to suit her individual situation. It is important to understand that every gestational diabetes diet plan is individualized to suit the conditions of a specific person and that no two plans may be identical.
When preparing gestational diabetes diet plan the dietician takes into account the individual characteristics of the patient for whom the plan is being prepared. The most important features considered are the patient’s height, weight, daily activities and present blood sugar level as well as patient’s preferences for different food items.
Dietitians also consider the patient’s lifestyle, her metabolic condition and nutritional needs. Based on these a specific gestational diabetes diet plan that contains a number of meals and snacks with the right amount of carbohydrate, proteins and fats including vitamins and other vital nutrients is prepared. This diet can supply the patient with the necessary calories to sustain her health and that of her baby and keep her blood sugar under control. The recommended meals and snacks in the diet plan are spread over the whole day in a way that can supply the patient with an even amount of calories at each meal/snack. An important feature of a gestational diabetes diet plan is the replacement of simple sugars, syrups etc. with slow digesting complex carbohydrates, proteins and nutrients which aid control of blood glucose level.
By following her gestational diabetes diet plan an expectant mother can enjoy good health during pregnancy and safely deliver a healthy baby.
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