Diabetes blood tests will need to be ordered by your primary care physician if you develop any of the symptoms of diabetes. These symptoms include extreme thirst, frequent urination, increased hunger, weight loss that is unexplained, and tingling in your feet or hands.
To make the diagnosis of diabetes, your primary care physician will usually order a fasting plasma glucose test. This fasting plasma glucose test or FPG is the test most frequently ordered to make the diagnosis of diabetes. You will be asked to not eat for eight hours before this test. You will then have blood taken from your arm and sent to the lab for results to be sent to your doctor. For non-diabetics, blood glucose levels are between 70 to 100 milligrams per deciliter or mg/dL. When two separate FPG tests show levels equal to or greater than 126 mg/dL a diagnosis of diabetes is usually made.
If your FPG test is normal but you have risk factors or are in a risk group for diabetes and exhibit major symptoms of diabetes, your physician will probably order a glucose tolerance test just to make certain you are not a diabetic. The oral blood glucose test can also be ordered during pregnancy to diagnose gestational diabetes or to diagnose pre-diabetes.
When you are diagnosed as a diabetic, you will need to get regular A1c (hemoglobin Alc test) to monitor how well your diabetes treatment is controlling the disease. This diabetes blood test monitors the average of blood sugar levels over a 6 to 12 week period and together with home blood glucose monitoring is used to make adjustments to diabetic medications.
Home blood glucose monitoring is an important part of the treatment of diabetes. This involves a tiny prick of the finger or arm to collect a very small drop of blood that can be analyzed by a small glucose monitoring meter. This needs to be done several times a day to see how well diet and medications are working to keep blood sugar at a healthy level. These monitors are made by many different companies and most companies will provide newly diagnosed diabetics with their first monitor free of charge. Your doctor’s nursing staff will train you on how to properly use the meter or monitor.
As you can see, once diagnosed with diabetes, blood testing will become an important part of monitoring how affective the treatment your doctor has planned for managing the disease. Blood testing or monitoring will become a daily part of self care.
Diabetes blood tests will need to be ordered by your primary care physician if you develop any of the symptoms of diabetes. These symptoms include extreme thirst, frequent urination, increased hunger, unexplained weight loss, and tingling of your hands or feet.
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