Diabetes control is basically with a medical plan that involves management, monitoring and control.

Diabetes control is basically with a medical plan that involves management, monitoring and control.

A diabetic will need to be educated on every area of this disease because many aspects of controlling diabetes are areas of self care which the diabetic will need to be responsible for.

First and foremost is monitoring this disease. Glucose level monitoring is a daily need and will be the diabetic’s responsibility. There are many monitoring devices on the market and many companies that produce monitoring devices. Daily glucose monitoring is a diabetic’s first line of defense.

Next is managing the disease. A diabetic patient should have a primary care physician who they visit as often as advised and this doctor will manage the medications or insulin therapy as well as order the necessary lab tests to see how the disease is being controlled..

A diabetic patient will also need to watch their diet and there is great information on websites such as the American Diabetes Association on nutrition and diet control. There are also websites that have many new and delicious recipes for diabetic management. This diet control will help with the glucose levels in the blood system and when combined with exercise is important in overall weight control and the body’s ability to respond to medication or insulin therapy.

The diabetic will also need to learn all they can about foot health care. Diabetics have problems with their feet. This is caused by nerve damage in the feet and the narrowing of blood vessels in the legs. These two problems can cause a tiny cut to become extremely infected and lead to gangrene of the foot. Gangrene can lead to amputation of the foot or leg. But the good news is that all these problems can be prevented.

If a patient has nerve damage in a foot, they might not be able to tell when they have a small cut or skin damage and an infection could start before it is even noticed. And with poor circulation, when there is a cut or any damage, there is not enough blood flowing to the foot to fight the infection.

Another area of concern for diabetes is teeth and gums. Because of the problems with blood sugar, diabetics have a higher than normal amount of dental care problems. This is because the diabetes when not under control reduces the number of white blood cells to fight infections in the mouth.

A major problem is gum disease commonly known as gingivitis and periodontitis. This is caused by fewer white blood cells to fight infections as well as the thickening of blood vessels which slows the flow of blood which carries nutrients to the mouth area and waste away from the mouth area. Gum disease is caused by infections of the gums so these can cause gum disease to be much more severe and harder to control in people who suffer with diabetes. Self care involves brushing at least twice daily as well as flossing daily.

Eye problems are another area of concern for diabetics. Diabetic retinopathy can develop which can lead to bad vision and even blindness. This is because the blood vessels in the back of the eyes get weak and can lead to blood and fluid leaking into the retina from these weakened blood vessels. So, it is important for the diabetic to have regular eye exams to have the blood vessels in the eye examined.

Diabetes control is basically with a medical plan that involves management, monitoring and control.

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