Diabetes affects blood glucose levels. Our body gets energy from glucose or sugar. The pancreas makes insulin; insulin is a hormone which helps glucose to get into our cells in the form of energy. In type 2 diabetes body doesn’t make enough insulin or can not use insulin efficiently.
Type 2 diabetes is normally found in middle-aged adults. It is a very common form of diabetes. However, now it is also seen amongst teenagers and young adults. This disease can be controlled or managed with the help of diet and exercise. Diabetes diet has proved helpful in maintaining blood glucose levels in the body.
Human body needs proteins, carbohydrates, fats and fiber. Proteins supply amino acids which maintain the levels of glucose during the process of absorption. As compared to fats proteins contain fewer calories. Carbohydrates are important to prevent ketosis. Fiber reduces the glucose absorption rate. It also helps in urinary glucose excretion, and reduces the rise of blood sugar. You have to choose foods in your diet such that it contains a balance of all these factors.
In your diabetes diet remember to exclude foods such as potatoes, sugar, jams, honey, sweets, fried foods, mango and oil or fat. Diabetes is one of the main causes of heart and kidney problems. With the help of a good balanced and scientific diet you can avoid these problems. Healthy diet improves blood glucose levels, blood fats and blood pressure. The effect of your meal on the blood glucose level depends on which types of foods you include in your meal. For that you need to learn about healthy food types. You have to pay attention to the amount and type of fat you consume because fatty foods contain high calories which raise your blood fat levels and this increases the risk of heart disease and other circulation problems.
If you are regularly monitoring your carbohydrate intake then you have the freedom to choose your favorite foods, you can even eat sweets occasionally. To reduce the risk of diabetes and other complications, balance the amount of carbohydrates in your diet. Carbohydrates are found in, rice, breads, milk, beans, juice, sugar etc. Include only small quantity of foods which are rich in carbohydrates. Foods like fish, meat, oils, eggs, cheese, margarine, and butter contain fewer carbohydrates. Also watch your fat intake. Fish is a good source of protein and doesn’t have the high saturated fats like other fatty meat products.
Carb (carbohydrates) control is an effective way to combat type 2 diabetes and heart disease. By knowing the count of carbs in what you are eating you can easily control your carb intake. With the help of exchange lists and food labels you can count carbohydrates in any food.
To know how much carbohydrate you consume you will have to learn how much carbohydrate is present in a serving and how many serving you should eat.
It is recommended that you plan a diet with the help of qualified dietitian according to your body’s requirement of carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
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