A 1800 diabetic diet restricts consumption of food to only 1800 calories each day. You cannot limit calorie intake without planning of your meal. All diabetic calorie diets (1000-1800 calorie diet) help to control blood sugar levels. The calorie is a main source of energy. In diabetes because the body cannot use glucose (which we get from food), it result in high blood glucose level. But if you can manage eating habits (calorie intake in your diet) then you can easily control blood glucose.
Before planning your diet first consult your doctor. According to the type of diabetes, your age, physical status, and exercise ability, your doctor will calculate your daily calorie requirements. This calorie requirement is the limit of your daily intake of calories. You cannot eat calories more than that. Once you know your calorie requirements, next step is planning of meal. For that you should know which food contains how much amount of calories. You can found calorie count in each food with the help of exchange system. Packaged foods contains labels which indicate calorie count in that particular food but exchange system is a more effective way to estimate calorie content in any food type.
With the help of exchange system you can easily maintain a proper balance of carbohydrates, proteins and fats throughout the day. In the exchange system there are six different lists of foods grouped according to similar calorie counts (carbohydrate, protein and fat content). These lists are starch/bread, meat, vegetable, fruit, milk and fat. A person is allowed a certain number of exchange choices from each food list per day. But again the amount and type of these exchanges are based on your daily physical activities, blood pressure, and cholesterol level; and, if you are taking insulin then the timing of insulin.
The general rule for food substitution is that you can exchange foods having same calories only within a group, but not between the groups. Another important thing about exchange system is that in all exchange lists choices can be doubled or tripled to supply a serving of certain foods except in the fruit list. In this exchange lists, some foods are called as “free foods”. These free foods contain less than 20 calories per serving. You can eat any amount of these foods throughout the day unless a serving size is specified.
By keeping all these tips in mind you can plan your 1800 calorie diet. In a 1800 calorie diet per day include nine exchanges from starch/bread group, six exchanges from lean meat group, four exchanges from vegetable group, three exchanges from fruit group, two from milk and four exchanges from fat group. You have to distribute these exchanges throughout the day.
The detailed distribution of these exchanges is as follows: The starch exchanges can be distributed as two in each breakfast and lunch, one in snack1, three in dinner and again one in snack2. The lean meat exchanges can be taken as one in breakfast, two in lunch and three in dinner. The vegetables exchanges are distributed as two in lunch and two in dinner. The low fat milk exchanges can be taken as one in breakfast, and one in snack2.
All diet plans have to be complimented with an exercise regime for better result in combating diabetes. Monitoring your blood sugar regularly is also important.
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