A diabetic patient should follow a diabetes diet as it is one of the most important aspects of diabetes treatment.
To plan a diabetic diet first you have to evaluate the nutritional needs of person that is the amounts of protein, fat and carbohydrate required by him or her. With this information you can calculate daily calorie requirements and then accordingly plan a diabetic diet. 1600 calorie diabetes diet is for a diabetic person who wants 1600 calories per day. 1600 calories means 220 grams of carbohydrates.
An ideal nutrition plan for diabetes should include 10% to 20% of calories from proteins, 50% to 60% of calories from carbohydrates and 30% of calories from fats. The requirement and type of nutrition depends on age and physical status.
A small woman who exercises or a medium woman who wants to lose weight or a medium woman who does not exercise can select a diet of 1200 to 1600 calories. This diet contains six servings of starches, three servings of vegetables, two servings of fruit, two of milk and yogurt, two servings of meat or meat substitute and three servings of fats. One serving of fruits is equal to 60-80 calories, one serving of vegetables equals 25-30 calories, one low fat serving of milk, yogurt and cheese equals 90 calories and one regular serving of milk, yogurt and cheese equals 150 calories. One low fat serving of meat, fish, dry beans and egg whites contain 70 calories while that of regular servings contain 100 calories.
A detailed 1600 calorie diet will be like this: Breakfast should contain 400 calories for that you can select one cup bran cereal or one cup cooked oatmeal, ½ cup fat free cottage cheese or one cup nonfat milk, some peanut butter or one boiled egg and one apple, orange or banana. Snack should be of 150 calories. You can get 150 calories from 15 almond or two rice cakes and one tablespoon peanut butter or one cup fat free cottage cheese and 1/3 cup pineapple chunks.
For a 350 calorie lunch there are lots of options, select one of them. The list included: three ounces grilled chicken, two eggs with two slices whole wheat toast, tuna sandwich, one grilled cheese sandwich on whole wheat bread, large garden salad large. With one of these item have one cup of fat free milk or low-fat yogurt to complete your target of 350 calories. Between lunch and dinner you can eat a snack of 150 calories.
Dinner should be of 400 calories. For that choose one food tem from the following list: 2/3 cup whole wheat pasta, 2/3 cup beans and rice, two slices of bread, one cup lentils. With this also have three ounces of fish or tofu, chicken, shellfish like crab, shrimp, or clam etc. Do not forget to add fresh green salad made up of mixed vegetables and low fat dressing or one cup of broccoli in your dinner. To complete 1600 calories per day have a evening snack of 150 calories.
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