1500 calorie diabetic diet exchange list for calorie distribution throughout the day

A 1500 diabetic calorie diet is very useful for diabetes. It is one of the most balanced calorie diets. The energy contents of food like carbohydrates, proteins and fats are together called as calories. If you want to control body weight you have to limit calorie intake as it also helps to reduce the blood sugar. To maintain a steady body weight you should concentrate on your calorie intake and calorie intake should be according to your calorific requirements. Generally human body needs thirty calories per kilogram of body weight. But the calculation of calorie requirement depends on physical status, age and exercise. Once you know your calorie needs you can plan your calorie diet. To plan individual calorie diet advice of a doctor is necessary.

You can use several methods to plan 1500 calorie diet. The most popular are diabetic exchange system and carbohydrate (carb) counting. The American Diabetes Association suggests that exchange system is effective way of meal planning for diabetes treatment.

In exchange system all foods are divided into six groups, each group contains list of foods having same calories. These groups are stanches and bread, vegetables, fruit, meat, milk and fats. Each exchange of different groups contains different number of calories. In starch and bread group each exchange contains 80 calories. Each exchange of vegetable group contains 25 calories while that of fruit group contains 60 calories. A fat exchange is of 45 calories. In meat group there are three types of meats lean meat, medium-fat meat and high fat meat. Each type contains different amount of calories. Lean meat contains 55 calories, medium fat contains 75 calories and high fat contains 100 calories. The amount of food depends upon whether it is fresh or cooked, for example 1/2 cup cooked vegetables and a one cup raw vegetable contains same count of calories but the amount of food is different.

In 1500 calorie diet you can include per day seven exchanges from starch/bread group, three exchanges from vegetable group, three exchanges from fruit, two exchanges from milk, five exchanges from meat and three exchanges from fat group.
These exchanges are per day, you have to distribute it throughout the day. The seven exchanges from starch/bread group can be distributed as two in breakfast, two in lunch and three in dinner. Three exchanges from vegetable group can be taken as two in lunch, and one in dinner. Include one exchange of fruit three times in a day, in breakfast, snack and dinner. You can take one exchange of low fat milk in breakfast and one in snack. You can include two exchanges of lean meats at lunch time and three at dinner. Include two exchanges of fats in lunch and one in dinner.

The main advantage of exchange system is you can make variations in foods and also take care about calorie limits. Only while selecting foods remember that you can exchange foods within the group not between the groups even though it has same calorie count.

Planning 1500 calorie diet with exchange system is very effective and is easily possible for a layperson.

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